CAMPBELL HALL

 

HERSTMONCEUX MUSEUM, E. SUSSEX, UK

 

A truibute to Sir Malcolm Campbell and his son Donald Campbell and home of the original electrically powered Bluebird cars

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Bluebird Electric 1 on display at the National Motor Museum, Beaulieu    Donald Wales, nephew to Donald Campbell at Filching Manor Motor Museum

 

AUTOMOTIVE ART - This was the second car built at Herstmonceux Museum by a local inventor before it was a Museum. The first, a joystick car, we unfortunately cannot track down, but would like to be able to give the "Borzoi" combined-lever (steering, braking and acceleration) prototype a home if that was of interest to the current owner(s). The Bluebird Electric BE1 is/was the first car to be able to exchange batteries itself with built in patented loading equipment, seen here on display at another famous Museum; the National Motor Museum - Beaulieu. This car was driven by the grandson of Sir Malcolm Campbell for media articles, Big Breakfast, and at the LETEC Awards held at the London Arena, but not during any of the high speed runs on the Polegate Bypass where it achieved around 160mph using high speed motorcycle tires and Lynch electric motors. These are not the tires seen in these pictures, about which some people have commented. The tires shown here were ordinary car rubbers on steel rims for delivery purposes only [left] and ordinary motorcycle tyres [right]. Thinner racing motorcycle tires with a circular 'V' casing were fitted on the same (but modified) alloy rims for high speed runs - and it is the faster wheels that the car will be sporting when on display in the Campbell Hall.

 

 

AUTOMOTIVE EXHIBITS

 

While most people will be interested in the archaeology of the building itself as the main exhibit, together with coal bunker, air raid  shelter and other underground works, from 1982 onwards a local Sussex engineer produced a remarkable range of machines and other interesting artifacts that demonstrate a wide range of skills and interests to qualify the 'conceptual designer' as a renaissance man, or design genius. The Trust have been fortunate to secure these items as exhibits, some of which are detailed below, and please note that we will be adding to these pages as more items are unearthed and need a good home.

 

A joystick controlled car was the first vehicle constructed in the workshops at the Museum, but we cannot locate this car to be able to offer it a home. As a lad the automotive engineer was inspired by Donald Campbell's CN7 bluebird, as seen in the Collins series of books for children. We have that original volume which will be a display item. Later he named his cars Bluebird as a tribute to Ken Norris and Reid Railton, both designers of Bluebird vehicles, with Railton working for Malcolm Campbell and Norris working for Donald Campbell. The grandson of Malcolm Campbell was taken on to drive the electrically powered Bluebirds, as seen in the pictures below, Don Wales was more than pleased to join in with these projects, the aim of the engineer being to promote electric vehicles and his patented cartridge refueling system - as being the ultimate range extender for EVs. Something that Better Place (Shai Agassi) and Tesla (Elon Musk) seem to agree on, but have so far hit a brick wall introducing the benefits in practical terms.

 

 

Don Wales is part of the Campbell connection for these electric bluebird cars

 

AUTOMOTIVE ART - This was the third car built at Herstmonceux Museum by the same local inventor. Arguably one of the most beautiful land speed record vehicles, the Bluebird Electric BE2 is/was the second car in the series to be able to exchange batteries itself with a built in patented battery recharging system. The car is seen here on display in Chelsea, London at the Bluebird Store, then owned by Sir Terence Conran's group of companies. This car was not driven by the grandson of Sir Malcolm Campbell, Don Wales - seen above - but was used by him under license from the inventor for publicity purposes while a partner with the inventor and while the designer was promoting Mr Wales - the services for which, the inventor alleges, that he was not paid. These vehicles were the means by which Don Wales (previously unknown) entered the land speed record arena. This is the Campbell connection that led the inventor to meet and subsequently consult with Ken Norris, as to the merits of these designs. We are told that Ken liked the steel and stainless steel space frames and all wheel drive concept. Ken Norris and his brother Lewis Norris, were of course, the engineers who designed the famous CN7 jet powered car and K7, jet powered boat for Donald Campbell. Hence, the display that houses these land speed record gems is named: Campbell Hall. Between them, Sir Malcolm Campbell and his son, Donald, set 10 speed records on land and 11 on water. Driving a series of vehicles called Blue Bird, they were the personification of British derring-do and engineering prowess.

 

 

The Bexhill 100 motoring festival in Sussex

 

ELECTRIC BLUEBIRD DEVELOPMENT HISTORY

 

The inventor of the cartridge exchange refueling system for electric vehicle lived in Polegate for a time with his wife. While living in this suburb of Eastbourne he met Paul Faulkes-Halbard who at the time was the owner of Filching Manor Motor Museum situated just outside the village of Jevington - famous for Banoffee pie and the Hungry Monk restaurant. Paul was the owner of the K3 blue bird boat of Sir Malcolm Campbell fame, a restoration project now passed to his son Karl Faulkes-Halbard, also a collector of Campbell memorabilia and operator of the Campbell go kart racing circuit.

 

While a resident in Polegate, the "Bluebird Electric" project was formed by the inventor, when the driving services of Don Wales were secured following a meet up at the Bexhill-On-Sea motoring festival: The Bexhill 100.

 

The Bluebird-Electric 1 was soon built by hand and on display at Beaulieu and other venues, which succeeded in raising the funds to build the Bluebird-Electric 2 with Sir Terence Conran contributing a significant sum, except that the builder/designer was never paid for his work even though he made the cars and came up with the marketing strategy, applied for and was granted patents, etc., and that is what makes this story so much more intriguing than if there were no rankles in the telling.

 

 

   

 

PAUL FAULKES-HALBARD - Was an avid collector and restorer of motor vehicles. Paul saved many a vehicle from the scrap heap, lavishing time and money on bringing back into use umpteen vintage and veteran cars and the K3 Blue Bird boat of Sir Malcolm Campbell. The K3 had been left to rot at a fun park when Paul found it and brought it back to his Sussex workshops where it received many hundreds of man hours to put in a new alloy underside, timber frames and deck. A Rolls Royce Merlin derived V12 engine was installed and mated to the original propeller shaft to once again see this magnificent hydroplane on the water. If not for Paul and his son Karl and the team of engineers and craftsmen they had assembled, this boat would long ago have given way to wet rot from being left outside in the rain. you can see these amazing historic vehicles at Filching Manor Motor Museum near Polegate.

 

It all started with Malcolm Campbell racing cars in 1910. In 1912 he suffered the first of many near-fatal accidents at the famous Brooklands race track. This car was christened Blue Bird, after a stage play by Maurice Maeterlinck, and the name was used for all his subsequent vehicles and those raced by his son, Donald (though Donald used the single word form).

Campbell first broke the land speed record at Pendine Sands, Carmarthenshire, in September 1924. He worked for Combined Operations during the Second World War but he later suffered from glaucoma – possibly as a result of his disdain for safety goggles. He died at his Surrey home on New Year’s Eve 1948.

 

Malcolm Campbell’s son, Donald, followed in his father’s footsteps, making his first (unsuccessful) attempt on the water speed record in August 1949. He eventually triumphed six years later, taking a new, jet-powered Bluebird to 202.32mph on Coniston Water. For the rest of the decade Campbell ratcheted up more records on water. Following his sixth – 260.35mph in May 1959 – he made an attempt on the land record that nearly proved fatal. In July 1964 he finally claimed the land speed prize at Lake Eyre salt flats in Australia, recording a speed of 403.14mph.

He then returned to the water, and broke the speed record again on New Year’s Eve 1964 – at 276.33mph on Lake Dumbleyung, Western Australia. He thus became the first (and so far only) person to set both records in a single calendar year. 

 

 

It turns out that Sir Malcolm and his son Donald Campbell also had moments when they refused to settle with creditors and former project partners. That is no way for public school boys to carry on if they expect to receive applaud for their conduct or even to be knighted as Sir Malcolm was. It was probably cash-flow problems that led to Donald Campbell spectacularly flipping his K7 on Lake Coniston, to the amazement of a shocked world audience. If he'd had more funding, presumably more test tank work would have revealed the instability of the jet boat and the risks Donald was running. Ken Norris was aware of the limitations of the K7 and warned Donald of the dangers, but the rules at the time prohibited air control surfaces and the tailfin on both the CN7 and K7 was pushing the boundaries, where John Cobb's Railton Mobil Special had no fins at all and came close to 400mph.

 

Ignoring all of that, we have the cars that came out of the business side of the electric land speed record cauldron. A car is a car, it does not try to cheat you. It is an inanimate object until it hits the track or road in the hands of a skilled driver. Cars are part of our culture and necessary for transport in our modern high-octane world. One reason, in fact the main reason for the development of these electric cars, was and is to help stave off global warming in a move to a circular economy. Shame then about the infighting that effectively made the racing aspirations of the driver a no-go for possible sponsors - at least for the foreseeable future. We live in hope.

 

 

A closed look desk top wind tunnel 

 

AUTOMOTIVE TECH - [LEFT] Another of the inventions that were produced at the workshops at Herstmonceux Museum: a desktop sized wind tunnel with electronic strain gauges for measuring aerodynamic lift and down-force, even with a revolving table to examine side winds. This machine was used to develop the BE1 and BE2 cars and still works today, but needs a bit of attention to bring it back to its former glory. [RIGHT] The bare frame of the BE1 land speed record car showing the tunnel that runs through and under the vehicle for battery cartridge exchanges.

 

 

Following the LSR fiasco, and with the dust settled, the Ecostar DC50 was born. The little gem of a city sports car is the direct descendant of its electric racing cousins. It is not a paper exercise like other pretenders to the EV throne that abound. It is a real project with something tangible to show for the input of the many contributors and volunteers - and yes it drives when assembled - where at the moment the motors and other parts are kept locked away separately for security purposes and to prevent corrosion while not in use.

 

So, high hopes for the future of the brand that inspired so many generations of engineers. We must learn from the past to be able to plan for the future - and that is why museums like ours are so important culturally and socially. Herstmonceux Museum is one of the smallest in the UK, potentially qualifying for a Guinness Book World Record one day.

 

 

Pund for pound wood is stronger than steel    This electric sports car has an instant cartridge recharging system built in

 

CITY SPORTS CAR - Land speed record breaking is not always totally removed from road cars. This fast little two-seater also has the cartridge recharging system built in so that it can travel long distances and not cause the owner range anxiety, as with so many other production electric vehicles. It is designed for those who want to travel in cities and not have to pay carbon, or congestion charges, such as in London, England.

 

 

 

SHOWCASE - The BE2 is installed in the roof space. It took four strong men to shoehorn the car into the rooftop showcase. A laminated glass roof will be fitted so that visitors to the Museum can observe the vehicle. Before this, the car was open to the elements. Fortunately the two-pack paint is really tough. This beautifully streamlined electric car will be spot lit. We call this roof display our observatory, not to be confused with the Observatory a mile or two down the road that houses several very interesting telescopes and domes - and is well worth a visit.

 

 

CONTACTS

 

Herstmonceux Museum

Lime Park Heritage Trust

Herstmonceux

East Sussex

BN27 1RF, UK

 

Telephone: 0044 1323 831727

Email: energy@solarnavigator.net

 

Herstmonceux Museum, including Campbell Hall, is run by the Lime Park Heritage Trust. Admission is by arrangement for archaeological groups only at present. Please telephone to make an appointment for viewing at least 3 months ahead to avoid disappointment. Eventually, we hope to be able to publish more regular opening times and have staff to man the Museum on those occasions.

 

 

 

SCENERY - The display case for the Ecostar DC50 tribute car is made from recycled timber. The stack of wooden frames in the foreground were used by the Smooth Faced Gentlemen for umpteen performances of Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus in and around London, including the Pleasance and Greenwich Theatres, between 2012 and 2015. This stagecraft needed to be resistant to water based special effects to simulate the extraordinary bloodletting in this gruesome play. You can see some of the red dye that stained the wood, despite a hectic clean-up schedule after each performance. We are grateful to the Smooth Faced ladies for this contribution to our recycling programme.

 

 

Donald and Malcolm Campbell tribute Hall of Fame exhibition

 

FRAMED - It is nearly time to fit the security glass, with the treated timber frames almost completed. At the moment Campbell Hall is filled with overspill from the working element of the Museum. We also need to make two French style doors so that maintenance staff can get in to clean the exhibits from time to time.

 

 

Gina Campbell  Sir Malcolm Campbell and his son Donald  Tonia Bern-Campbell and her husband Donald  Donald Campbell at Coniston Water

 

FIFTY YEAR ANNIVERSARY DAILY MAIL 4 JAN 2017 - According to an article in the Daily Mail online, the daughter of hero Donald Campbell who died as he attempted a new water speed record has laid flowers on Coniston Water to mark the 50th anniversary of the tragedy.

Gina Campbell, who is the spitting image of her grandfather, visited the Cumbrian lake on the morning of the 4th of January 2017 to remember her father, 45, who died on January 4 1967 when his jet-powered boat, Bluebird K7, flipped into the air and disintegrated. She was among a small party who traveled by boat to the site of the crash and laid flowers on the lake at the exact time of the tragedy.

During the journey she clutched her father's teddy bear mascot, Mr Whoppit, which was found among the wreckage 34 years later. Campbell broke eight world speed records on water and on land in the 1950s and 1960s and remains the only person to set both world land and water speed records in the same year. He was posthumously awarded the Queen's Commendation for Brave Conduct. 

In his fatal record attempt on the Cumbrian lake, Campbell - the son of Sir Malcolm Campbell, who himself held land and water speed records - had set himself a target of reaching 300mph (480kph). In 2001 Campbell's body - with his race suit intact - and the wreckage of Bluebird were recovered from the depths of the lake. He was buried later that year in the village of Coniston.

Speaking at Coniston Water, Ms Campbell is quoted as saying: 'This is the site of 50 years ago where he met his Waterloo. 

'Luckily there is a lot of people that still support his achievements and it is very humbling for me to be able to be here and represent my family and pay my own respects to my father.

'It is really hard to describe one's emotions. For me the biggest one is humility. I am just so proud to be my father's daughter and to have witnessed what he did in his life, and that people are still following him here today is fantastic. 'His life lives on through on a lot of other people's imagination and their own courage.' 'He was with my dad through all his achievements and through his death so I thought he had better come along today and relieve the moment.'

 

'It was beyond these days of risk assessment and health and safety, and he went out and he did what he did. He did it most times with huge success.' 

 

Before the memorial service began as crowds gathered at the village green, Ms Campbell is quoted as saying that: "The day had been 'bittersweet'. 'My dad did not do things for public display but I think he would be delighted to see the public here today.'

Holding her father's teddy bear mascot, Gina is quoted as saying: 'He survived the accident with my dad. He has got his life jacket on today because we don't want any more emotions in the water. After she laid a wreath at her father's graveside, she spoke of feeling 'pride' at the public recognition of 'a true hero'. Gina Campbell had a close call with death herself while piloting a high speed hydroplane during one of her water speed record attempts. The boat she was driving flipped over in exactly the same way as the K7 had on the fateful day. Fortunately, Gina survived the 160 mph incident to race another day.

A public remembrance service will take place later at his memorial on the village green before more wreaths are laid at Coniston Cemetery. It is hoped that Bluebird will be restored by next year and will take to Coniston Water again before it finds a permanent home in the village's Ruskin Museum. From an article by Steph Cockroft

 

 

 

 

ENGLISH HERITAGE - In 1919 Malcolm Campbell moved to Canbury, Kingston Hill, in Kingston-upon-Thames – a substantial two-storey detached house dating from the late 19th century. The house is now known as Canbury School, Kingston Hill, Kingston KT2 7LN, Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. Malcolm married Dorothy Whittall a year later and it was in this house that their son, Donald, was born in March 1921. On the evening of the birth Malcolm was notoriously absent, helping a neighbour to build a dog kennel, and leaving his father-in-law to call for a midwife.

Dorothy also had to tolerate his car fanaticism, which usually meant his retiring to the garage for the evening once he had bolted down his dinner. Returning home from his office in London, Campbell was inclined to get into casual races with other drivers; such was his competitive spirit that he would sometimes drive past his front door and not give up the chase until he had reached Esher or beyond. In Dorothy’s recollection, the house ‘suited us very well and I myself looked forward to spending many happy years in a delightful home’. Malcolm, however, became restless and in late 1922 the family moved to Povey Cross, near Horley, Surrey. 

 

 

 

STAINED - Closer still. Reminiscent of one of Sir Malcolm's and Donald's boat sheds, the frames of Campbell Hall are liberally soaked in wood treatment and coloured to closely match (and complement) the upright posts and feather edge boarding. Copyright photograph © 23 February 2017 all rights reserved. You will need the permission of Lime Park Heritage Trust to reproduce this picture except for education private study or review.

 

 

 

ROOFING - The roof has to be brought down, better to frame the BE2 with a series of laminated glass windows. In this picture you see a pink batten that is used as a guide. The timber at an angle near the eves is to be fixed in place to form a frame for the facias. Copyright photograph © 24 February 2017 all rights reserved. You will need the permission of Lime Park Heritage Trust to reproduce this picture except for education private study or review.

 

 

 

TREATMENT - Sheets of plywood have first been treated with wood preserver and then painted black on the underside - where it would be very difficult to paint in-situ with the land speed record car taking up all the space. Tarpaulins protect the electric Bluebird from the building activity. Copyright photograph © 25 February 2017 all rights reserved. You will need the permission of Lime Park Heritage Trust to reproduce this picture except for education private study or review.

 

 

 

BOARDED - Another row of pre-treated plywood is added to achieve the correct height for the display. The ends need to be trimmed back and the feather-edge boarding completed on the gable end. Copyright photograph © 25 February 2017 all rights reserved. You will need the permission of Lime Park Heritage Trust to reproduce this picture except for education private study or review.

 

 

 

NIGHT - We had run out of timber, so gave the plywood a protective coat of exterior paint, while we wait for another delivery from Stamco in Eastbourne and Hastings. Over the years this company have provided most of the timber for the restoration of the Museum and other improvements. Copyright photograph © 26 February 2017 all rights reserved. You will need the permission of Lime Park Heritage Trust to reproduce this picture except for education private study or review.

 

 

 

RUSTIC - Feather edged boarding is applied to the frames. These tapered timbers are pressure treated to help preserve the wood from the elements, insect attack, dry and wet rot. We will apply another coat of treatment that also colours the wood. We do not use creosote, that only lasts a couple of seasons at best. We use Ronseal wood protection products. Watch the sell by label. Even with this quality brand we have come across mixes that are old, when the waxes used in the formula tend to solidify. Otherwise, this is a great product. Copyright photograph © 9 March 2017 all rights reserved. You will need the permission of Lime Park Heritage Trust to reproduce this picture except for education private study or review.

 

 

 

STABLE MATES REUNITED - The stainless steel frame of the BE3 joins the BE1 and BE2 to combine for a unique Bluebird triple - all electric - LSR display. The BE3s stainless frame is so light it can be supported on one hand above your head, yet still handle 300kW or 400 horsepower - and it can be pimped for more power if the record ever rises above 400mph. At the present rate of motor and battery development that is probably not that far off. It will soon be time to glaze the museum with laminated safety/security glass. Copyright photograph © 15 April 2017 all rights reserved. You will need the permission of Lime Park Heritage Trust to reproduce this picture except for education private study or review.

 

 

 

MORE LIGHTS - Not a brilliant picture, but you can get an idea of how the display might work at night. A few more LED spotlights will set the cars off nicely. It looks a mess here with all the building tools cluttering up the cabinets. Copyright photograph © 16 April 2017 all rights reserved. You will need the permission of Lime Park Heritage Trust to reproduce this picture except for education private study or review.

 

 

 

BE1, 2 & 3 - The BE1 is under cover waiting for re-painting in the famous blue that made the Campbell cars stand out. The BE2 is in the roof case and the chassis of the BE3 that is built from stainless steel from Aalco (when they were suppliers to the project and based in Crawley) is suspended in the rafters above other exhibits. Copyright photograph © 18 April 2017 all rights reserved. You will need the permission of Lime Park Heritage Trust to reproduce this picture except for education private study or review.

 

 

Bluebird instant recharging system for electric vehicles

 

AIR LIFT SERVO - Regardless of any residual animosity between the designer and his former driver, the concept of a car that can change its own battery cartridges is ground breaking innovation and a legitimate performance enhancer even today. The pneumatic lifters seen above will be on display outside and ahead of the BE1 car with the battery cartridge suspended from the lifting hooks (also the contactors). This is so that visitors to the museum can see how beautifully the exchanging mechanism was integrated in the overall design of the BE1.

 

Cartridge exchanges were extremely quick with this system; almost too quick, taking seconds. But this was not a road car, where the mechanism is electrically powered and can be timed for between 15 to 30 seconds or more for the sake of a smooth transfer if necessary. The onboard weight of the concept servos was more than offset by the ability to exchange cartridges twice during a record attempt, significantly increasing the performance of the official "BE" series of land speed record cars. Some pretenders were not equipped with cartridge exchange - and those cars performed badly as a result.

 

Production servos would be less than half the weight of this robust steel prototype - which was nevertheless a clever design in 1991 when conceived and patented. Copyright photographs © BMS Ltd all rights reserved. You will need the permission of Bluebird Marine Systems to reproduce any of these pictures except for educational use, private study or review.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CCTV closed circuit television surveillance system to record intruders

 

SURVEILLANCE  - Sometimes it is necessary to record who is coming and going, just in case of accidents, insurance claims or other problems. CCTV systems are now widely available at reasonable cost and the quality is stunning with the latest 1080p high definition colour cameras. Here a volunteer tests the installation before it is steel armour encapsulated to prevent vandalism and to preserve evidence of any such incidents. Copyright photographs © 16 February 2017. You will need the permission of the Lime Park Heritage Trust to be able to use these pictures, except for educational and use and private study.

 

CCTV (closed-circuit television) is a TV system in which signals are not publicly distributed but are monitored, primarily for surveillance and security purposes. CCTV relies on strategic placement of cameras and private observation of the camera's input on monitors. The system is called "closed-circuit" because the cameras, monitors and/or video (hard drive) recorders communicate across a proprietary coaxial cable run or wireless communication link. Access to data transmissions is limited by design.

Older CCTV systems used small, low-resolution black and white monitors with no interactive capabilities. Modern CCTV displays can be high-resolution colour, providing the CCTV administrator with the ability to zoom in on an image or track something (or someone). Talk CCTV allows the administrator to speak to people within range of the camera's associated speakers. What is happening at Herstmonceux Museum can be monitored remotely from anywhere in the world using the internet or a mobile phone.

 

 

LINKS

 

East Sussex Archaeology

English Heritage

The Keep

Heritage Gateway

Sussex Past

Museums Association

British Museum

Day out with the kids Museums-and-Galleries

http://www.sussex-southdowns-guide.com/sussex-museums

http://www.sussextourism.org.uk/

Amberley Museum

www.eastbournemuseums.co.uk

www.tangmere-museum.org.uk

www.seafordmuseum.co.uk

www.ryemuseum.co.uk

www.newhavenfort.org.uk

www.sussexpast.co.uk/properties-to-discover/lewes-castle

www.crawleymuseums.org

www.hmag.org.uk

Herstmonceux_museum

Arts Council England

Brighton Royal Pavilion, Libraries & Museums

Culture24

Lime_Park_Estates Limited

http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/blue-plaques/campbell-malcolm-donald

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4087226/Speed-hero-Donald-Campbell-s-daughter-lays-flowers-Coniston-Water-50-years-died-trying-smash-record-jet-boat-Bluebird.html

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/search.html?s=&authornamef=Steph+Cockroft+for+MailOnline

http://campbellcircuit.co.uk/

http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/

http://www.thekeep.info/

http://www.heritagegateway.org.uk/gateway/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121021154455.htm

http://www.eastsussex.gov.uk/environment/archaeology/default.htm

 

 

 

 

 

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